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CRS (Common Reporting Standard) is modeled upon FATCA a standard of international tax information exchange developed by OECD as adopted by ca. 100 countries worldwide including Poland and other European Union member states. CRS was implemented into the Polish legal system by the Act of 9 March 2017 on exchange of tax information with other countries (the CRS Act) with effect from 1 May 2017.
The CRS Act imposed, upon financial institutions (including, inter alia, banks, brokerage houses, investment funds), duties connected with identification of tax residence of their clients (both consumers and entrepreneurs) and accounts, maintained in their favour, subject to reporting duty to tax authorities (due diligence procedures and reporting duties).
The CRS Act obliged financial institutions (including Bank Millennium S.A.) to:
- Apply due diligence procedures in the area of verification of financial accounts in the meaning of the said Act and subject to reporting to tax authorities;
- Apply specific reporting procedures (format of CRS-1 information on reported and not documented accounts delivered by financial institutions is published on the Ministry of Finance web site;
- Register actions undertaken within performance of the above duties;
- Gather documentation linked with the above process including, primarily, as follows: declarations of tax residence of account holders and controlling persons, official documents delivered (including, inter alia, tax residence certificates, identification documents and business entity registration documents).
The CRS Act also imposed duties upon Clients including, inter alia, as follows:
- Account holders and in case of certain entities also persons controlling them who are beneficial owners relative to such entities have the duty to submit tax residence declarations and present financial institutions with documents referred to in the CRS Act when, inter alia, opening current accounts, term deposits, securities accounts.
- Account holders have the duty to inform financial institution on any change of circumstances having impact upon his/her tax residence (e.g. change of domicile address, country) within 30 days from such change and submit, to the financial institution, declaration updated accordingly within 30 days from such change.
It is necessary to underscore that according to the CRS Act, financial institutions in Poland (including Bank Millennium S.A.) have the duty to deliver, to the tax authorities, client account information in case they are not able to identify country of tax residence (the so-called not documented accounts).
In cases of individuals including sole traders, professionals and farmers tax residence is determined on the basis of, as follows:
- Country of domicile (other than Poland and the U.S., the residents of which are subject to FATCA regime),
- Country of the address for correspondence (other than Poland and the U.S.),
- Foreign telephone number as provided by the Client (except for telephone number in the U.S.),
- Domicile address of the proxy established to the account (in case of an address other than Poland and the U.S.)
With respect to business entities:
- Place where business has obtained legal capacity (other than Poland and the U.S.),
- Place of registration (other than Poland and the U.S.),
- Address for correspondence (other than Poland and the U.S.),
- Head office location (other than Poland and the U.S.),
- Country of controlling persons/beneficiary owners (other than Poland and the U.S.).
Meeting requirements of tax residence in countries other than Poland and the U.S. will cause the account to be deemed to be a reported account to tax authorities in CRS-1 Information.
The scope of information delivered to tax authorities in the CRS-1 Information and due date for delivery thereof by financial institutions is provided for in art. 34-36 of the CRS Act. According to the said provisions the scope of data to be reported incorporates, as follows:
- Name and surname, date and place of birth in case of an individual, name, address, country or countries of residence and NIP (taxpayer identification numer) of a reported person – account holder, and in case of account held by entity identified as an entity controlled by at least one controlling person who is a reported person – name, address, country or countries of residence, entity’s NIP, and the name and surname, address, country or countries of residence, NIP and date and place of birth of such controlling person;
- Account number or its functional equivalent in case there is no such number;
- Account balance or value and in case of monetary insurance agreement or annuity agreement – monetary value of repurchase value established as at the end of calendar year, for which information is delivered, or information on closing of an account within the calendar year, for which information is delivered.
In case of escrow account:
- Total gross amount of interest, total gross amount of dividend and total gross amount of other income generated in connection with assets held on the account paid into the account or credited to the account in a calendar year,
- Total gross amount of sales revenue or redemption of financial assets paid in or credited on the account in a calendar year, relative to which reporting financial institution performed a function of a trustee, broker, proxy or other representative acting to the account of the account holder.
In case of deposit account:
- Total gross amount of interest paid or credited to the account in a calendar year
The CRS Act provides for a specific institutional client classification scheme (i.e. business entities, except for sole traders). Conditional upon determined classification accounts held by clients will be or will not be subject to reporting.
ACTIVE NON-FINANCIAL ENTITY (NFE)
Active NFE – means an entity meeting one of the criteria listed below:
- Less than 50% of gross income for the previous calendar year is a passive income* (described below), and less than 50% of assets held are assets generating passive income,
- Is a company in organisation (i.e. does not perform and did not perform any business activity earlier but invests its capital in order to carry out business operation other than that of a financial institution),
- Has not been a financial institution for the last five years and is under liquidation or re-organisation and will not perform financial institution business,
- Mainly deals in execution of financial or hedging transactions with affiliated entities which are not financial institutions or to their benefit and does not finance or does not execute such transactions for any entity which is not affiliated with it, provided that the group of these entities conducts business other than the business of financial institution,
- Is an entity which meets, jointly, all the criteria listed below:
- was established and is manager in its country of residence solely for the following purposes: religious, charity, scientific, artistic, cultural, sports or educational and, if operating as occupational organisation, organisation of entrepreneurs, chamber of commerce, agricultural or horticultural organization, civic organization or organization managed solely to support social care,
- is income tax exempt in its country of residence,
- has no shareholders or members who are owners or beneficiaries of its income or assets,
- relevant regulation of a country or its incorporation documents do not allow to transfer income or assets to any private person or entity who is not a charity entity unless, according to entity’s charity activities, it is a payment for acquired assets or compensation for services rendered,
- relevant regulation of a country or its incorporation documents require that in case of such entity’s liquidation or dissolution assets will be transferred to Government entity or public utility organization or will be assigned to the Government.
Passive income means:
- Income from dividend and share in profits of legal entities,
- Income from interest and benefits from all types of loans, sureties and guarantees,
- Income from disposal of securities, shares/equities, receivables,
- Income from copyright, industrial property rights including from disposal of such rights,
- Income from disposal and exercise of rights under financial instruments.
ACTIVE NFE NOT SUBJECT TO REPORTING
Active NFE not subject to reporting – means following and strictly defined entities:
- central bank,
- international organisation,
- government entity,
- stock exchange listed entity,
- entity affiliated with stock exchange listed entity.
Passive NFE - means any non-financial entity which is not an Active NFE.
PASSIVE NFE – INVESTING ENTITY WHICH IS NOT A FINANCIAL INSTITUTION FROM A PARTICIPATING STATE
Passive NFE - investing entity which is not a financial intitution from a participating state - means an entity which is an investing entity and not a financial institution from participating state whose gross income originate, primarily, from investments or re-investments of financial assets and from trading in such assets, provided that it is managed by another entity who is a financial institution i.e. deposit, custodial institution, insurance firm or investing entity.
Financial institution means the following types of institution:
- custodial (entity whose significant part of activity incorporates safekeeping of financial assets on behalf of other persons i.e. activity generating gross revenue accounting for at least 20% of gross revenue of company within the period of three years ending on 31 December or the last accounting year (if not identical) preceding the year in which the said share is established or during the life of the entity whichever is shorter;
- depositary (entity accepting deposits within the framework of their banking or similar activity, including domestic bank, foreign bank, foreign branch of a domestic bank and branch of a foreign bank, credit institution, branch of credit institution, SKOK and National SKOK);
- investing entity (entity with core business – within business operation – involves at least one of the activities or operations listed below to the benefit or on behalf of other persons: trading in currency, trading in money market instruments, cheques, promissory notes, certificates of deposit, derivative instruments: FX, interest rate instruments and indexed derivative instruments, trading in marketable securities or commodity contracts of futures type, management of individual and collective asset portfolios, other forms of investing, administration or management of financial assets or monies on behalf of other persons or whose gross revenues are generated, primarily, from investing or re-investing of financial assets and trading in such assets provided that it is managed by other entity who is a financial institution: depositary, custodial, insurance firm or an investing entity);
- insurance firm (domestic insurance firm or foreign insurance firm in the meaning of the Act of 11.09.2015 on insurance and re-insurance activities, concluding monetary insurance agreements or annuity (pension) agreement or is obliged to make payments under such agreements).
Is income from foreign investment funds subject to taxation in Poland and does the Client (individuals) have to perform any related tax obligations?
Income from foreign investment funds in Poland is subject to self-taxation by investor (individual resident) by lump-sum personal income tax at the rate of 19% – legal basis: art. 30a sec. 1 pt. 5 in connection with art. 5a pt. 14 of the Act of 26 July 1991 on personal income tax (PIT Act).
Income (taxation base) and due tax are calculated in PLN. Income is defined as revenue surplus (in the form of the amount of repurchase/sale gained) less cost of revenue (amount of purchase plus fees and charges paid). Revenues/costs in FX are converted into PLN a tan average NBP (National Bank of Poland) FX rate of the last business day preceding the day of revenue generation/cost payment. In consequence – due to FX risk connected with different rates applied to calculation of revenue and costs – taxable income may significantly deviate from the amount of investment earnings in the meaning of increase in value of participation units/title in a given fund conditional upon whether PLN appreciated or depreciated between the day the cost was incurred and the day the revenue was generated.
Investor-resident, as taxpayer has the right – at his/her own discretion – to declare calculated tax in one of the four available declarations: PIT-36, PIT-38, PIT-39 and if he/she operates a business subject to flat rate taxation at the rate of 19% - also in PIT-36L.
It is also necessary to remember that in accordance with art. 30a sec. 5 PIT Act losses generated from funds cannot be netted off against gain from other funds generated throughout the entire tax year, nor against other types of capital gains such as interest, dividend or income from sale of shares/equities.
Is income from domestic investment funds subject to taxation in Poland and does Client (investor, who is a natural person/individual) has any tax duties connected with such income?
Income from domestic investment funds is subject to taxation with lump sum personal income tax – legal basis: art. 30a sec. 1 pt. 5 in connection with art. 5a pt. 14 of the Act of 26 July 1991 on personal income tax (PIT Act). It’s a withholding tax paid by the investment fund, who assesses and pays due tax to the tax office (in case of investment certificates withholding tax may be paid by brokerage house maintaining securities account on which certificates are registered). Investor, who is a natural person domiciled in Poland has no reporting duties relative to tax authorities with respect to such taxation. Investors domiciled (having registered head offices) in a country other than Poland may have the duty to settle their incomes from investments in the country of their residence (head office location) and should consult taxation rules and obligations with a local legal or tax advisor.
Is the conversion of participation units in one sub-fund (e.g. equities fund) into units in another sub-fund (e.g. bonds or mixed) within the same fund subject to taxation?
Such conversion is not subject to taxation if it occurs between sub-funds within the same fund (legal basis: art. 17 sec. 1c of the PIT Act). However, if sub-funds belong to two different funds – such “conversion” (income) is subject to taxation by lump-sum personal income tax at the rate of 19%.
According to provisions of art. 17 sec. 1c of the PIT Act, the principle applies to conversion executed under provisions of the Act of 27 May 2004 on investment funds and alternative investment fund management. In accordance with art. 162 sec. 3 of the said Act, the conversion (exchange) involves simultaneous redemption of participation units in an investment fund sub-fund with separate sub-funds and purchase, for cash obtained from such redemption, of participation units in another sub-fund of such investment fund. Provisions of art. 17 sec. 1c of the PIT Act may apply to conversion of foreign funds from other European Union member states (including e.g. Luxemburg), if the conversion is executed in a way similar to that provided for in the Act of 27 May 2004 on investment funds and alternative investment fund management.
Is interest accrued on structured (investment) deposits and banking securities subject to withholding tax paid by the Bank or does Client who is a Polish tax resident ha sany tax duties relative to such interest?
Interest accrued against investment deposits and banking securities is subject to Belka tax accrued by the Bank as tax remitter at the rate of 19% under similar principles as applying to interest accrued against regular term deposits. The Bank pays due tax to the account of tax office thereby closing the settlement of such income of a client who is Polish tax resident (Client who is Polish tax resident has no reporting duties relative to tax authorities). If banking securities are registered on brokerage account the withholding tax remitter function is performer by brokerage house or a custodial bank maintaining such account.
Are gains from investment in ‘World’ or ‘Wygodny Portfel’ Investment Programmes (life insurance with insurance capital funds) subject to taxation and does a policy holder (natural person domiciled, for tax purposes, in Poland) have any relevant taxation duties?
Yes, such gain constitutes „income from insurance premium investment”, referred to in art. 24 sec. 15 of the Act on personal income tax. Income is defined as the difference between benefit disbursed and the sum of premiums paid in to the insurance firm and transferred to capital fund. The said income is subject to lump-sum personal income tax at the rate of 19%. The tax is remitted by the insurance firm, who is responsible for accruing and remitting due tax to relevant tax office. Policy holder, who is a Polish tax resident has no reporting duties relative to tax authorities (as in the case of Belka tax collected on saving products such as saving accounts and deposits).
Is all interest accruing against Bank saving products subject to taxation by the so-called Belka tax (lump-sum personal income tax at 19%)?
Not all. In principle, interest gained by Clients who are natural persons on saving accounts and term deposits is subject to lump-sum personal income tax at the rate of 19% (except for non-residents who submit to the Bank a tax residence certificate – thus, such non-residents can take advantage of reduced tax rate under double taxation treaties concluded by Poland with countries of tax residence). Tax exemption, irrespective to tax residence of a Client, applies to IKE (individual retirement accounts) – legal basis: art. 21 sec. 1 pt. 58a of the Act of 26 July 1991 on personal income tax (the PIT Act). It is necessary to remember that in case of agreement termination and refund of accumulated funds, interest is subject to the lump-sum personal income tax at 19%. In addition, if more than one IKE is used for saving purposes, interest accruing on such IKE is subject to taxation at 75% (legal basis: art. 30 sec. 1 pt. 7a of the PIT Act).
Is opening of saving account or saving and settlement account (ROR) notified by the Bank to tax authorities?
It fact is not notified directly. According to art. 119zp § 1 pt. 3 of the Act – the Tax Law, banks and SKOK provide information, daily, to the clearing house (KIR S.A.), on opened saving accounts and RORs. Subsequently, in accordance with art. 119zq of the said Act, the clearing house delivers, daily, information on the total amounts credited and debited on accounts of qualified entities (in the meaning of art. 119zg pt. 4 of the Tax Law) regarding transactions crediting or debiting saving accounts and RORs.
Does the Bank disclose bank account balances and accumulated interest on accounts to tax authorities?
Yes. In case of Clients having reported accounts in the meaning of FATCA (link: https://www.bankmillennium.pl/o-banku/o-banku/fatca) and CRS account balance data and data on interest paid by the Bank is reported to the Head of the National Tax Administration annually by 30 June of the next year.
Data on interest gained by non-resident Clients is also reported by banks within IFT-1R information delivered under art. 42 sec. 2 of the Act of 26 July 1991 on personal income tax.
Furthermore, Bank has the duty to provide access to data on transactions and balances of Client bank accounts upon written demand from the Head of Tax Office or Director of Tax Administration Chamber under art. 182-183 of the Tax Law.
Are inflows from foreign benefits and pensions to personal accounts subject to taxation (mandatory contribution collection) by the Bank?
In principle, yes, inflows to personal accounts of Clients, who are Polish residents, for purpose of foreign benefits and pensions, are subject:
- duty to pay advances to personal income tax (accruing in accordance with generally applicable rules 12-32% PIT – legal basis: art. 35 sec. 1 pt. 1), sec. 3 in connection with art. 32 sec. 1-1e of the Act of 26 July 1991 on personal income tax, hereinafter: “the Law on PIT”);
- duty to pay contribution to mandatory health insurance at 9% (legal basis: art. 85 sec. 9 in connection with art. 79 of the Act of 27 August 2004 on health care benefits financed from public funds).
Since 1 January 2022 health insurance contribution does not deduct liable tax advance.
The Bank performs a remitter function i.e. deducts and remits tax/contribution to the Tax Office/Social Insurance Institution (ZUS).
Exceptions. Advances to PIT are withheld taking account of provisions of international double taxation treaties concluded by Poland and the country of benefit and pension origin. These treaties provide for different taxation principles (only in the country of benefit origin or only in the country of receiver’s residence or in both countries taking into account given methods of double taxation avoidance), including types of benefits. Furthermore, provisions of Polish tax laws stipulate various taxation rules applicable to different categories of benefits (e.g. war annuity or retirement pension from the so-called III pillar insurance). Depending upon country of origin or type of benefit they might not be subject to payment of advances to PIT.
In order to ensure due performance by the bank of tax remitter function in case of opening a personal account the advisor would ask you whether inflows to the account would also include foreign benefits (pensions) and in case positive response is given we collect a special declaration from Clients for purpose of calculation of monthly advances to income tax and contributions to mandatory health insurance.
In addition, according to sec. VI.31 of the General Rules Governing Provision of Banking Services to Natural Persons in Bank Millennium S.A. we require from accounts holders to notify the Bank on our form, in writing, on inflows that might be expected to occur and to submit, upon the bank’s demand, documents confirming nature of benefits. Notification should be submitted forthwith upon receipt of the first inflow of such benefit to the account. Transfers of foreign benefits or pension have no universal, globally adopted codes for banks to be able independently – i.e. without Client involvement – clearly establish whether a given inflow is definitely a benefit or a retirement pension subject to taxation (contribution payment).
After the end of year, the Bank issues PIT-11 information with regard to revenues generated by the Client, deducted advances and contributions to health insurance. PIT-11 is sent out to Clients and their relevant tax offices by end of February for the previous year (since 2019 PIT-11 shall be sent to Tax Authorities by the end of January). PIT-11 sent by the Bank is also available and reflected in the electronic annual return offered by the Ministry Finance’s Twój e-PIT service.
In case of benefits and pensions from EU/EFTA countries, according to art. 75 sec. 1a-1b of the Act of 27 August 2004 on health care benefits finances from public funds, the Bank submits enquiry to voivodship branch of NFZ (National Health Fund) relevant for the Client relative to the Polish benefits or pension received by the Client, subject to health insurance. If positive response is provided by NFZ, the bank has the duty to withhold a 9% contribution against the next inflows and notify such Client for health insurance coverage. If response is negative, the Bank will not withhold contributions to health insurance. In case of benefits and pensions from outside of the EU/EFTA countries, the Bank will withhold 9% contribution to health insurance without the obligation to submit the said enquiries to NFZ.
Does the Bank withhold advances or health insurance contributions from benefits and pension cheques?
According to individual interpretations provided by tax administration bodies and the NFZ, banks do not perform a function of personal tax advance remitters and remitters of contributions to the mandatory health insurance in case of benefit and pension cheques. Relevant revenues are reported by Clients (taxpayers) in annual tax returns and are subject to self-taxation.
Can the Bank, upon Client’s request, discontinue collecting PIT advances?
In principle, it is not possible, however, in practice there are two specific cases, where Bank can cease to collect PIT advances.
Firstly, since 1 January 2023, regulations will allow to request tax remitters to cease PIT advances collection. Client may authorize, in the written form, its tax remitter to discontinue collecting PIT advances, if Client assumes that the annual income subject to progressive taxation will not exceed PLN 30 thousands (legal basis: art. 31c of the Law on PIT).
Secondly, relevant for Client tax office, on his request, may release a tax remitter (here: Bank) from the obligation to collect PIT advances, if such collection would threaten his justified interest (np. social existence) or tax would be disproportionally high compared to tax liable for the entire year. Tax office may also, on the request of taxpayer (Client), decrease the amount of PIT advances (legal basis: art. art. 22 § 2-2a of the Act of 29 August 1997 – the Tax Ordinance).
What should I do, if I believe that the Bank has been collecting advances and health insurance contributions against foreign pensions improperly?
In the first place, we recommend submission of a complaint which will be considered for its substantive merits by specialist tax advisors.
In case of negative response, Client, as a taxpayer, has the right to submit:
- Application for a tax refund to the Tax Office under art. 75 of the Act of 29 August 1997 – the Tax Ordinance (samples of applications for tax refund are available at web sites of Tax Offices) or
- Application to the Director of the National Tax Administration for issue of individual interpretation of the tax law regulations under art. 14b of the Act of 29 August 1997 – the Tax Ordinance (detailed information on the rules governing submission of applications is available at www.kis.gov.pl)
In case of mandatory health insurance contributions Client, as the insured has the right to submit, to relevant Director of the Voivodship Branch of NFZ, application for consideration of case regarding coverage by health insurance under art. 109 of the Act of 27 August 2004 on health care benefits financed from public funds.
Additional information is available also through info-line of the National Tax Administration or the National Health Fund (NFZ)/ZUS or in the local Tax Office or NFZ/ZUS Branch.
Can PIT advances collected by the Bank against foreign pensions (retirement pensions and other benefits) be reduced by the amount of tax-free personal allowance as it is done by employers when disbursing compensation for work?
Yes. The Client may submit to the Bank a statement, in which they will indicate the amount by which the Bank shall reduce the advance payments for PIT (legal basis: Article 31b of the Polish Personal Income Tax Act).
The Client may indicate one of the following values as the reduction:
1. PLN 300 or
2. PLN 150 or
The Bank will start to reduce the PIT advance payments no later than in the month following the month in which it received the statement.
The statement submitted once will be used by the Bank also in subsequent tax years, unless the Client withdraws or changes the previously submitted statement.
The statement on the application of the tax-free personal allowance may be submitted by the Client to no more than three tax remitters. Please note that the total amount of the reduction applied by all tax remitters may not exceed PLN 300.
Note to the Clients who simultaneously receive a pension from Polish Social Insurance Institution (ZUS) - ZUS by law applies 1/12 of the amount reducing tax (PLN 300). Therefore, there is no need to submit a statement to ZUS on the application of the reduction. However, in order to divide this amount into, for example, two tax remitters (for example, the Bank and ZUS), the Client will have to submit a statement to the pension authority (ZUS), indicating the right to reduce the advance payments by the amount of PLN 150. ZUS will apply this statement no later than from the second month after the month of its receipt. At the same time, the Client has to submit to the Bank a similar statement on reducing the advance payments by PLN 150. The Bank applies the reduction only at the Client's request, therefore it will reduce the PIT advance payments starting from the next month after receiving the statement. Additionally, If the Client expects their income from foreign benefit or pension to exceed the first threshold of the tax scale (from January 1, 2022 the amount of 120 000 PLN) and intends to tax their annual income jointly with their spouse or as stipulated for single parents, the Client will also have the right to submit to the Bank the "Statement for the purpose of a partial reduction of PIT advances" (you may be provided with a template of such statement in any of the Bank’s branches). On the basis of this statement, the tax remitter (Bank) will reduce the amount of PIT advances to the rate of 12%.
The Client shall submit the statement prior to the first payment in a tax year or before the end of the month in which the Client started to receive such income.
In a situation where the Client no longer meets the requirements for the application of the above-mentioned allowence, the taxpayer (Client) is obliged to notify the tax remitter (Bank) immediately. Subsequently, from the month following the month in which taxpayer (Client) discontinued to meet the allowance conditions, the Bank, as tax remitter will collect advances in accordance with generally applicable rules.
What documents should be submitted by the Client receiving benefit or pension from the U.S. for the Bank not to collect tax?
Client should submit to the Bank a document confirming the type of benefit received and the fact that relevant taxi s collected in the U.S. (e.g. certificate from the U.S. Embassy or information on granting benefit from SSA /The United States Social Security Administration/).
According to art. 5 of the Unites States – Poland Income Tax Convention of 1974 (Convention with the U.S.), Poland has the right to tax income from retirement pensions paid out by the U.S. to a person having place of residence within the territory of Poland. Incomes from disability and other benefits (including survivor’s benefits) or retirement pension from the U.S. may be also taxed in the country where such benefit is remitted (i.e. the U.S.). In such case relief from double taxation is provided by art. 20 of the Treaty (so-called method of pro rata application). The method involves crediting against the Polish tax appropriate amount of tax paid to the U.S. In case a benefit is subject to tax at the rate of 25,5% at source in the U.S., the Bank as tax remitter, will deduct this tax from amount of due advance towards PIT (usually the advance is calculated at the rate of 17% and therefore effectively the advance towards PIT is not deducted by the Bank). For this purpose, a Client should submit to the Bank appropriate document confirming the amount of tax deducted in the U.S. (it is necessary to underscore that according to the U.S. tax regulations the tax is assessed against the base of 85% of the benefit value and nominal amount of tax in the U.S. is 30%, hence effectively the rate is 25,5%). The „waiver” of tax collection in total by the Bank applies to Client incomes not exceeding the first threshold in the tax scale (120 000 PLN) i.e. when the tax rate of 12% is applicable.
On the other hand, with respect to the so-called governmental benefits and pensions (i.e. paid out in connection with work in bodies of the U.S. Government administration) the U.S. – Poland Income Tax Convention provides tax exemption in Poland.
Irrespective of whether the taxi s collected or not, the Bank prepares PIT-11 information for the Client and the Head of Tax Office relevant for the Client.
Irrespective whether the Bank waives collection of advance towards income tax, the mandatory health insurance contribution will be collected, obligatorily, at the rate of 9% of the benefit amount.
At what rates does the Bank convert inflows from foreign benefits and pensions to calculate the due tax amount?
Tax on income from foreign benefits and pensions realized in foreign currency must be always paid in to the Tax Office in PLN. To calculate the tax base and the tax itself in PLN the Bank applies average NBP FX rate for a given currency as on the last business day preceding the revenue generation day i.e. inflow of the benefit into the Client account. This is statutory requirement provided for in art. 11a of the Act of 26 July 1991 on personal income tax.
Does the Bank collect tax and contribution in case of the so-called own transfers i.e. in case the principal and beneficiary is the same person (Client makes transfer from own account in another bank into the account in Bank Millennium of a benefit with description indicating that it might be foreign benefit or pension)?
No, the Bank does not collect advances or contributions from transactions executed between Client’s own accounts maintained in different banks.
It is not a case of „payment by the bank of a foreign retirement and disability pension” in the meaning of art. 35 sec. 1 pt. 1 of the Act of 26 July 1991 on personal income tax (the PIT Act) and art. 85 sec. 9 of the Act of 27 August 2004 on health care benefits financed from public funds, which should be interpreted as a case when the Bank executes an incoming transfer to the Client’s account from a principal who is an entity disbursing the benefit (appropriate foreign social security institution or such institution’s settlement agent). In such cases (transfers between own accounts) the „original” payment is made to the Client’s bank account maintained in another bank and either this bank deducts and remits tax / contribution to the Tax Office / Social insurance Institution (ZUS) (if having head office located in Poland) or the Client, on a stand-alone basis assesses and pays advances in accordance with art. 44 sec. 1a of the PIT Act.
Is the income from foreign widow allowance subject to taxation in Poland?
In accordance with the individual tax ruling received by Bank (no. 0113-KDWPT.4011.249.2020.3.MH, published in the Tax & Customs Information System (https://eureka.mf.gov.pl/)link opens in a new window, widow’s allowance, as a kind of family benefit, can be tax-exempted on the basis of art. 21 sec. 1 p. 8 of the PIT Act (as well as orphan’s allowance). In order to apply this exemption Bank requires from Clients document attesting the title of such allowance, eg. a copy of decision granting it or periodically received statements from foreign social security institutions indicating the title of this benefit.
This material is only for information purpose, in case of doubts regarding individual tax situation please contact relevant Tax Office, Krajowa Informacja Skarbowa (National Tax Information Office) (www.kis.gov.pl) or an independent tax advisor as Bank Millennium S.A. does not provide tax or legal advisory services.